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Key Info

Specialist filtration
WRAS approved filters
Water treatment specialists
Sediment control
Advice on sizing and specification

Water filters and housings/ Sediment removal

Filtration systems and settlement tanks are effective ways of removing sediment and physical contaminants from your water supply. Our most common application for filtration is to remove sediment from the water to provide a clear sample of water for your ultraviolet unit to treat.

  • FWT supply and install a large variety of water filters and filter housings
  • All our stock filters and housings are WRAS approved for use with potable water systems
  • The filter cartridge is placed inside a filter housing through which the water passes
  • We will help you select a suitable type and size of filter to meet your requirements
  • FWT only install quality filter housings such as Pentek, Pentek plastic filter housings, they are WRAS approved for use with potable water and all Pentek plastic filter housings carry a 5-year warranty (clear bowls, 1 year), conditional on the proper use of the housing

The filter type and size is dependent on the required flow rate and quantity of sediment in the water, filters are generally sized in 10” increments and come in 2 different diameters a ‘standard’ 2.5” diameter and ‘big blue’ 4.5” diameter for a larger surface area. As a rule of thumb FWT recommend approximately 10” of filtration for every 15 L/min of flow.

(Please visit our shop to buy water filters)

Types of filters and sediment removal

Unlike many companies in the market we only supply WRAS approved filter cartridges for standard sediment removal to ensure complicance with the private water regulations.

Spun filter cartridge

The spun range resemble long reels of compressed candy floss and are a cost effective way of removing fine sediment from the water. Our filters offer WRAS approval, consistent true depth filtration, high dirt holding capacity and low cost. These cartridges are made of a pure polypropylene construction using FDA approved materials, which meet NSF standard 42 with the manufacturing process being ISO 9001 certified and comply with regulation 31 and are available in micron ratings of 1- 100. FWT generally install at least a 5 micron spun filter prior to an ultraviolet treatment unit to ensure a clear sample of water for the UV light to penetrate, available in standard and big blue diameters.

Pleated filter cartridge

The pleated range offer longer life, finer filtration and purity. Constructed of all-polypropylene materials encased in a ridged outer. Pleated filters are available in a range of efficiencies up to 100% efficient and micron ratings 0.003 – 100. Filters are generally not able to control bacteria in water but can remove cysts, such as Crytosporidium. They are more efficient that their spun counterparts and rather than a reel of compressed candyfloss its best to think of a pleated filter as a very fine strainer. Pleated filters are generally more expensive that spun filters and are available in standard and big blue diameters.

Bag filters

As their name implies, these filters consist of a bag inside a filter housing through which the water flows leaving the sediment behind. These filters are made of various synthetic fibres, such as polyester or polypropylene, and come in various shapes, sizes and micron ratings to suit all applications.

Bag filters allow large volumes of contaminated water to be filtered where a high flow rate and lower efficiency are needed. They generally use a special big blue housing.

Activated carbon filters

Activated carbon filters are effective in the removal of tastes and odours from water and for the reduction of chlorine. They also have the ability to reduce many organic compounds. Specially prepared activated carbon is selected for its efficient filtration capabilities from a variety of material sources. A large surface of available filtration area is achieved by the creation of many fine pores and channels in each of the carbon granules, carbon filters are usually used in conjunction with a standard spun sediment filters, so the spun takes out the majority of the contaminants and the carbon filter ‘polishes’ the water. Carbon filters are available for both standard and big blue filter housings

Micro Z sediment treatment unit

If you need to remove large volumes of sediment, standard filter systems may not be the most efficient method. The Micro Z back washable filter system is capable of filtering out large quantities of sediment to a nominal 5 micron. It consists of a vertical chamber containing the micro z media through which the water passes and the sediment is trapped, the media is then back washed at a pre-determined quantity of water or time to a drain. A standard sediment removal filter is usually recommended after the micro z if the water is used for human consumption.

Settlement tanks

A water storage tank can be used to store water before use and carry out the settlement process if large quantities of sediment are to be removed. Our engineers will ensure the correct configuration of pipe work to cater for the build up of sediment and to avoid turbulence. Regular inspection of the system is required to ensure the system continues to work effectively; after a period of time the tank will require cleaning to remove the build up of sediment.

Sand filters
These generally consist of a column of sand through which the water is passed. Different grades of sand can be used depending on the quantity of sediment to be removed. Sand filters are useful where there is a lot of sediment in the water and where there is insufficient time to allow for settlement, as is the case for high volume spring or borehole supplies, swimming pools or irrigation systems. They are usually used as a pre-filter in conjunction with other types of filtration and need to be regularly backwashed to remove the sediment build up; they are not effective at removing fine sediment.

Further information is available

Step by step guide to installing a filter system

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